Ball Held Up In In-Goal.

Space between hands indicates that the ball was not grounded

22metre  Drop Out.

Arm points towards the center of the 22 metre line

Bleeding Wound.

Arms crossed above head indicates players has a bleeding injury, he may be temp replaced

Dissent.(Disputing Decision)

Outstretched arm with hand opening and closing imitating talking

Doctor Needed.

Both arms raised above the head indicates a doctor is needed for an injured player

High Tackle.

Hand moves horizontally in front of the neck.

Off Side at the 10 metre law or not 10 metres free kicks

Both hands help open above the head.

Off Side: penalty kick or scrum.

1 arm as for penalty kick, other arm pointing to the place where a scrum may be taken

Physio Needed.

One arm raised indicated Physio needed for an injured player

Intentionally collapsing ruck or maul.

Both arms at shoulder height as if bound around opponent. Upper body is lowered and twisted as if pulling down opponent who is on top


Intentionally falling over on a player.

Curved arm makes gesture to imitate action of falling player. Signal is made in direction of falling player

Diving to ground near tackle.

Straight arm gesture pointing downwards to imitate diving action

Unplayable ball at ruck or tackle.

Shoulders parallel with touchline arm horizontal pointing towards the team to put in the ball. Then pointing the arm and hand towards the other teams goal line whilst moving it backwards and forward

Unplayable ball in maul.

Arm out to award scrummage to side not in possession at maul commencement. Other arm out as if signalling advantage and then swing it across the body with hand ending on opposite shoulder


Closed fist punching open plam

Joining the ruck or maul in front of the back foot and from the side.

The hand and arm are held horizontally moving sideways

Prop pulling down opponent.

Clenched fist and arm bent. Gesture imitates pulling opponent down

Prop pulling opponent on.

Clenched fist and arm straight at the shoulder. Gesture imitates pull opponent on.

Failure to bind fully.

One arm outstretched as if binding other arm moves up and down arm to indicate the extent of a full bind


Stamping action or similar gesture to indicate the offence

Foot up by front row player.

Foot raised and touched


Throw in at scrum not straight.

Hands at knee level imitating action of put in not straight

Wheeling scrum more than 90degrees.

Rotating index finger above head.

Entering tackle from wrong direction.

Arm held horizontal then sweep of the arm in a semi-circle


Arm outstretched shoulder high towards non offending team, for a period of approximately 5 seconds

Time Keeper to stop & Start watch

One arm raised and whistle blown when to start or stop the watch

Forming a Scrum.

Elbows bent, hands above the head fingers touching

Thrown Forward/Forward Pass.

Hands gesture as if passing an imaginary ball forward

Free Kick.

Shoulders Parallel with the touch line. Arm bent square at the elbow, upper arm pointing towards non offending team


Arm outstretched with open hand above head and move backwards and forwards

Not releasing the ball in the tackle.

Both hands are close to the chest as if holding an imaginary ball.

Player not rolling away.

A circular movement with the finger and arm, moving away from the body

Try and penalty Try.

Refereeā€™s back towards the dead ball line.  Arm raised vertically

Off-side at scrum, ruck or maul

Shoulders parallel with touch-line. Arm hanging straight down, swings in arc along off-side line.

Off-side at line-out

Hand and arm move horizontally across chest, towards offence.


Shoulders Parallel with the touchline.

Arm Angled up Pointing towards the non offending team

Tackler not releasing the tackle player.

Arms brought together as if grasping a player and then opening as if releasing a player

Scrum Awarded.

Shoulders parallel with the touchline. Arm Horizontal pointing towards the team to put the ball in

Off-side under 10-metre Law or not 10 metres at penalty and free kicks

Both hands held open above head.

Obstruction in general play

Arms crossed in front of chest at right angles to each other, like open scissors.

Barging in line-out

Arm horizontal, elbow pointing out. Arm and shoulder move outwards as if barging opponent.

Closing gaps in line-out

Both hands at eye level, pointing up, palms inward. Hands meet in squeezing action.


Throw-in at line-out not straight

Shoulders parallel with touch-line. Hand above head indicates the path of the ball, not straight.

Early lifting/lifting in line-out

Both fists clenched in front, at waist level, making lifting gesture.

Pushing opponent in line-out

Both hands at shoulder level, with palms outward, making pushing gesture.

Handling ball in ruck or scrum

Hand at ground level, making sweeping action, as if handling the ball.

Off-side: penalty kick or scrum

One arm as for penalty kick. Other arm points to place where scrum may be taken instead of kick.

Leaning on player in line-out

Arm horizontal, bent at elbow, palm down. Downward gesture.

Leaning on player in line-out

Arm horizontal, bent at elbow, palm down. Downward gesture.